The Kingdom Of Bhutan 2018
Nestling in the heart of the Himalayas and protected by a complex geography of high mountains and deep valleys, Bhutan is rated as one of the ‘top ten global hot spots’ of the world. The intriguing yet profound tale of the transformation of this traditional kingdom, without losing out on its traditional norms and values while embarking on a modern course of development in the last half a century has been both a story of sustainable and progressive development in harmony with its natural environment.
Today, the proportion of land under forest cover is 72.5%, including shrub forest. An estimated 770 species of birds inhabit the unspoiled forests. The habitat of the avifauna is the spectacular epiphytic orchids, lichens ferns and mosses. It also harbors some of the most exotic species flora of the Eastern Himalayas with over 50 species of rhododendron along with an amazing variety of medicinal plants and magnolias. The valleys and even the roadside verges are home to colourful herbaceous perennials from mauve primulas to blue poppies and sweet smelling shrubs. You can expect 400 species if your trip is conducted in Spring and about 300 species during other times. The entire country is bisected by a well maintained paved road, permitting relatively easy access to habitats from 150 to 3,750m.
Unlike many parts of Asia, one is not obliged to seek out a park or reserve or remnant patch of ‘good looking’ habitat, since any stop, even in the midst farmland, exciting birds are visible.
The itinerary begins in Western Bhutan in the valley of Paro and is a perfect blend of faunal, floral and cultural diversity of this Himalayan Wonderland.
DAY 01 : 7th November 2018 : ARRIVE PARO (BHUTAN) BY FLIGHT
The flight to Paro is one of the most spectacular in entire Himalayas. Whether flying along the Himalayan range from Kathmandu or over the foothills from Kolkatta, the journey offers fascinating views and an exciting descent into the Kingdom. Bhutan’s first gift, as you disembark from the aircraft will be cool, clean fresh mountain air. After immigration formalities and baggage collection, you will be met by our representative, and afterwards transfer to the hotel.
Afternoon visit includes:
Ta Dzong: An ancient watchtower, which now houses the National Museum of Bhutan. Paro Rinpung Dzong: Literally meaning “Heap of Jewels”, built in 1646. Some of the scenes in the film Little Buddha (1993) were filmed in this Dzong.
Kyichu Lhakhang: This temple is one of the oldest Buddhist temple in Bhutan. The Tibetan King, Songtsen Gompo, to consecrate the entire region of Himalaya, in the 7th century miraculously built 108 temples. Kyichu Lhakhang is considered to be one of them. In the evening walk around Paro town and valley at your own pace.
Overnight at the hotel in Paro. (Altitude 2,280m)
DAY 02: 8th Novemebr 2918 : PARO
After breakfast, drive to ruins of the Drukgyal Dzong: It was here that the Bhutanese finally defeated the invading Tibetans and drove them back. Peak of Jumolhari ‘Mountain of the Goddess’ can be seen on a clear day from here (7,329 mts/24,029 ft.). The valley of Paro is mainly Blue Pine Forests not so favourable for bird life but the woodlands around the Drukgyel Dzong area will provide us a good indication of the great variety that is to come in the next few days. Some of the common species that can be seen in this area include,
Black-faced laughing thrush, Chestnut-crowned laughing thrush, Brown Parrot bill, Chestnut-tailed Minla, Common Kestrel, Kalij Pheasant, White-collared Blackbird, Greybacked Shrike. The more elusive birds that we may just locate are some marshland species such as the Black-tailed Crake and the Solitary Snipe.
Later, we will enjoy an excursion to Taktsang Monastery, one of the holiest monasteries in Bhutan, which was burnt down in 1988 but is now fully restored. Birds that can be seen in the valley here include Blue Whistling Thrush, Hodgson’s and Blue-fronted Redstart, Hoopoe, Rufous Sibia, White-collared Blackbird, Rufous-breasted Accentor, Long-tailed and Greybacked Shrikes, and Yellow-billed Blue Magpie.
Taktsang, the ‘Tiger’s Nest’ Monastery, appears to cling magically to the sheer rock face 915 metres above the valley. Legend has it that the Guru Padma Sambhava, riding a flying tiger, landed on the cliff when he came from Tibet in the 8th century. There he, and later his follower Dubthok Singye, meditated in a cave around which, 300 years ago, the monastery was built to celebrate his arrival. We will take our time here and are likely to spend most of the time in this wonderful setting and its surrounding forests. On our way up, we will make regular birding stops while enjoying the scenery.
Overnight at the hotel in Paro. (Altitude 2,280m)
DAY 03: 9th November 2918: PARO – CHELELA PASS – THIMPHU (121KM, APPROX. 4 HOURS DRIVE)
Early morning embark on a fascinating journey to Chelela pass (3,780m). The road winds upwards through blue pine forests which slowly changes to higher elevation conifers such as spruce, hemlock, silver fir, juniper and finally at the summit the vegetation is mainly dwarf rhododendrons and open alpine meadows. Apart from fascinating views of Paro and Haa valley, from Chelela, we also get fantastic views of the sacred Mt. Jhomolhari (7,314m) and the adjacent Jichu Drake (6,797m).
The quest for the day will be the incredibly majestic Monal Pheasant which is one of the most colourful and strikingly patterned of all the world’s many pheasants. Here, the other typical species include Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Grey Nightjar, Yellow-billed Blue Magpie, Spotted (or Eurasian) Nutcracker, Long-tailed Minivet, Coal, Grey-crested and Rufous-fronted Tits, Black-faced Laughingthrush, White-browed Fulvetta, Rufous-vented Yuhina, Rufousgorgeted Flycatcher, Buff-barred Warbler, Red-flanked Bluetail, Blue-fronted Redstart, Long-tailed Thrush, White-collared Blackbird, Mrs Gould’s Sunbird, Oliver-backed Pipit, the huge Collared Grosbeak, White-winged Grosbeak, and White-browed and Darkrumped Rosefinches. With a bit of luck we will find some Altai Accentors lingering in their winter quarters.
After lunch, proceed to Thimphu, the modern capital town of Bhutan, en route taking a short stop at Chuzom, the confluence of Paro and Thimphu rivers. Later at the afternoon, in Thimphu, visit : Trashichho Dzong (Fortress of the Glorious Religion): A Doom (Blue Stone) Dzong was built on the hill above Thimphu in 1216 the lama Gyalwa Lhanampa. A few years later Lama Phajo Drugom Shigpo, who brought the Drukpa Kagyu lineage to Bhutan, took over Dohon Dzong. Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal (The one who unified the country) acquired the Dzong in 1641 from the descendants of lama Phajo and renamed it as Trashi Chhoe Dzong. The Dzong is the seat of the national government and the central Monastic Body, including the summer residence of the Je Khenpo (Chief Abbot of Bhutan) at present.
King's Memorial Chorten : continuously circumambulated by people, murmuring mantras and spinning their prayer wheels. Construction of this landmark was the idea of Bhutan’s third king, His Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuk (“the father of modern Bhutan”) who has wished to erect monument to world peace and prosperity. Completed in 1974 after his untimely death, it serves both as a memorial to the Late King and as a monument to peace. Evening, exploratory walk around Thimphu main street, visiting the government-run Handicrafts Emporium and local crafts bazar, to browse through example of Bhutan's fine traditional arts. Here you can buy hand-woven textiles, thangkha paintings, masks, ceramics, slate and wood carvings, jewellery, interesting items made from local materials.
Overnight at the hotel in Thimphu. (Altitude 2,320m)
DAY 04 : 10th November 2018 : THIMPHU / GANGTEY (150KM, APPROX. 5 HOURS DRIVE)
Early morning embark on a Bird watching tour of Thimphu valley. Relatively dry, the Thimphu valley is surrounded by fine stands of Blue Pine and temperate evergreen forests. The increasing human settlement has pushed birding spots at least 10 kilometers further and now the ideal areas for birding are around the stream near Motithang and in and around Begana and Cheri villages. Some of the bird species here include :
Blyth’s leaf Warbler, Black earned Kite, Blue whistling Thrush, Brown Parrotbil, Common Myna, Common Sandpiper, Common Kestrel, Eurasian Hobby, Fire tailed Sunbird, Greater short toed LarkGolden spectacled Warbler, Grey backed Shrike, Hodgson’s Redstart, Laughing Thrush, Long tailed Minivet, Oriental Skylark, Oriental turtle Dove, Oriental white eye, Red rumped Swallow Rufous Sibia, Ruddy breasted Crake, Spotted throated Yuhina, White browned Fulvetta, White capped Redstart, Yellow breasted Greenfinch, Brown Dipper, Black Eagle, Blyth’s Pipit Black browed Tit, Coal Tit, Common Buzzard, Eurasian Hoopoe, Eurasian sparrow Hawk, Grey bush Chat, Grey Wagtail, Grey sided Bush Warbler, Leomn rumped Warbler, Mountain hawk Eagle, Oriental honey Buzzard, Olive backed pipit, Plumbeous water Redstart, Rusty flanked Treecreeper, Red billed Chough, Rock Pigeon Spotted laughing Thrush, Tickell’s leaf Warbler, Whiskered Yuhina, White throated laughing Thrush.
Later in the day drive to Buddha Point (Kuenselphodrang). You can pay your obeisance and offer prayers to the Buddha, the largest statue in the country and then walk around and take a glimpse of the valley. Then drive to Gangtey across Dochula pass (3,080m) which offers most spectacular view over high peaks of eastern Himalayas. After lunch stop at Wangdue Phodrang, continue journey eastwards through Black Mountains region. The drive is relatively shorter and there are regular stops for birding and photography along the way. The road finally enters to forest of oak and rhododendron and then broad Phobjikha valley which is one of the few glacial valleys in Bhutan. We can make a series of brief stops to scan the river channel en route. We may see Pallas’s Gull and Pallas’s Fishing Eagle here and add a number of other species. Evening explore fascinating Gangtey village. Overnight at the hotel in Gangtey.(Altitude 3,000m)
DAY 05: 11th November 2018: GANGTEY
The fascinating village of Gangtey sits on the ridge overlooking the large green expanse of the Phobjikha Valley. A large flock of Black-necked Cranes winters here, making this valley one of the most important wildlife reserves in the country.
THE BLACK-NECKED CRANE FESTIVAL ( Full day Black Necked Crane Festival)
The Annual Black-necked Crane festival is celebrated in the courtyard of Gangtey Goempa, in Phobjikha valley. The festival is an occasion for the locals to rejoice and celebrate the arrival of this endangered and majestic bird which becomes an inseparable part their daily lives during the winter months.
The annual black-necked crane festival is organized to generate awareness and understanding on the importance of conserving the endangered Black‐necked cranes; to strengthen the linkages between conservation, economic welfare and sustainable livelihoods of the community, provide an avenue for the local community to renew their commitment to conservation of the black-necked cranes, and to showcase their cultural heritage and skills.
The festival includes cultural programs such as folk songs and dances (some with black-necked crane themes) and mask dances performed by the local people, crane dances and environmental conservation-themed dramas and songs by the school children. The program usually starts by 9:30 am and lasts till late afternoon.
You can witness the festival for some time (2-3 hours) and carry on with the rest of the program in the itinerary. We will check forest edges and explore some of the small patches of cultivation then continue our search in areas of productive forest near the end of our journey; here we will be looking for species such as:
Blood Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan and the majestic Himalayan Monal. Past highlights at this location have included Himalayan Honeyguide, Crested Kingfisher, Tibetan Serin, Short-billed Minivet and Rufous-bellied Bush-robin. Spotted Laughingthrush, Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler, Rusty-flanked Treecreeper, White-browed Bush Robin and White-winged Grosbeak.
Afternoon visit the Gangtey Gompa: Perched on a small hill that rises from the valley floor, the Gangtey Monastery is the only Nyingmapa monastery on the western side of the Black Mountain’s and also the biggest Nyingmapa monastery in Bhutan. The Monastery is surrounded by a large village inhabited mainly by the families of the 140 Gomchens who take care of the Monastery.
Also visit Black Neck Crane Information Centre. Situated on the edge of the forest and wetland along the main road of Phobjikha valley, the black-necked crane information Centre has an observation room equipped with high power telescope and spotting scopes for catching the best view of the cranes. The centre also offers display information that outline the natural and cultural history of the area. There is a small gift shop, which sells handicrafts produced by the local people.
Overnight at the hotel in Gangtey.(Altitude 3,000m)
DAY 06: 12th November 2018 : GANGTEY / PUNAKHA (85KM, APPROX. 3 HOURS DRIVE)
After breakfast, drive to Punakha. The road passes through a temperate type of leafy forest where rhododendron and magnolia bloom in March and April then a semi tropical zone where orange trees, banana trees and cactuses are found in abundance. Until 1955, Punakha served as capital of Bhutan and still it is winter seat of Je Khenpo, the Chief Abbot. Before entering Punakha town en route take a short excursion to Chimi Lhakhan: Situated on a hillock in the centre of the valley, this temple is dedicated to Lama Drukpa Kuenley, who in the late 15th century used humour, songs and outrageous behaviour to dramatise his teachings and due to this also known as ‘Divine Madman’. This temple is also known as the temple of fertility.
It is widely believed that couples who do not have children and wanting one, if they pray at this temple, they are usually blessed with a child very soon. After lunch, visit the Punakha Dzong : Built strategically at the junction of Pho Chhu and Mo Chhu rivers in 1637 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal to serve as the religious and administrative centre of the region, Punakha Dzong has played an important role in Bhutan’s history. Damaged by four catastrophic fires and an earthquake, the Dzong has been fully restored by Fourth King. Later in the evening, visit Sangchhen Dorji Lhuendrup Lhakhang nunnery : Perched on a ridge amid pine trees and overlooking valleys of Punakha and Wangduephodrang, gleams the magnificent structures of Sangchhen Dorji LhuendrupLhakhang(Temple). The temple houses a 14- foot main bronze statue of Avalokiteshvara (Chenrigzigchagtongchentong). The temple complex also houses a permanent higher learning and meditation centre for nuns where, apart from religious trainings, it provides life skill training such as tailoring, embroidery, statue making and thangka painting.
Overnight at the hotel in Punakha / Wangdue. (Altitude 1,300m)
DAY 07:13th November 2018 : UNAKHA (TASHITANG VALLEY EXCURSION)
Here, at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres, it is noticeably warmer than at most of the elevations encountered so far on the tour. As a consequence, bird activity is at its greatest in the cooler early morning. We will spend most of the morning birding along a broad track that follows the thunderous Mo Chu River through delightful tracts of broad-leaved forest. The Mo Chu River and its stony banks and islands often harbour many of the special birds that make Himalayan rivers such a joy for birdwatchers. Plumbeous Redstarts and White-capped River Chats feed from boulders, Brown Dippers flash noisily up and down, Blue Whistling Thrushes look rather ungainly, and less demonstrative species such as River Lapwing, the giant Crested Kingfisher, Slaty-backed Forktail and Ibisbill may also be found.
We will be focusing on nesting Ibisbill, the very rarely observed and globally threatened White-bellied Heron, River Lapwing, Redheaded Trogon, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Striated Bulbul, the glowing Little Niltava, all three tesias (the Chestnut-headed is a gem), Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher, Pygmy Wrenbabbler, the infrequently seen and very striking Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush, Red-faced Liocichla and the stunning Scarlet Finch. The Tashitang Valley is a truly beguiling spot, full of wonderful colours and soul enriching scenery. In the forest we may see Himalayan Swiftlet, Great Himalayan, Blue-throated and Goldenthroated Barbets, Greater and Lesser Yellow-naped Woodpeckers, Maroon Oriole, Ashy and Hair-crested Drongos, and a wide variety of attractive Himalayan flycatchers, leaf warblers, flycatcher-warblers, nuthatches, flower peckers and sunbirds.
Among the more unusual forest species recorded here are Bay Woodpecker, Long-tailed Broadbill, Red-headed Trogon, White-gorgetted Flycatcher and Yellow-vented Warbler, perhaps the most stunning of the leaf warblers (of the genus Phylloscopus).
We will then return to Punakha and later in the afternoon explore farther along the river, where we will be on the lookout for Ibis bill and Bar-headed Geese on the surrounding gravel beds, as well as migrants such as the lovely Ruddy Shelduck. This valley is an important migration conduit, and almost anything could turn up. If we are lucky we could also see Great Blackheaded Gulls and rafts of northern ducks en route to their breeding grounds in Tibet.
Later in the afternoon, excursion to Talo village, which is scattered along the hill slopes and known for its cleanliness and hygiene among Punakha villages. Talo is the seat of the mind incarnations of the Zhabdrung. Talo Sangnacholing Dzong is built on a plateau and has majestic view of surrounding villages. The beautiful farm houses of the village have its own flower gardens and on the hill slope corns and sweet peas are grown in abundance. Spend time at Nobgang and Talo villages visiting farm houses and meeting families, experiencing Bhutanese rural life.
Also visit Nalanda Buddhist Institute. Locals call this place ‘Dalayna’ and the monks call it Nalanda Buddhist College. The Nalanda Buddhist Institute is a monastic school near the village of Talo, above the Punatsangchu river. Here you’ve opportunity to interact with monks, for knowledge on Buddhism, process of meditation.
Overnight at the hotel in Punakha / Wangdue. (Altitude 1,300m)
DAY 08: 14th November 2018 : PUNAKHA / PARO (125KM, APPROX. 4 HOURS DRIVE)
After breakfast, a beautiful hike takes one to the regal Khamsum Yuelley Namgel Chorten (approx. 2 hours round trip walk), which was built to remove negative forces and promote peace, stability and harmony in the changing world. The Chorten dominates the upper Punakha Valley with commanding views across the Mo Chhu and up towards the mountainous peaks of Gasa and beyond. Then drive back to Paro descending down from Dochu La, follow the way back up the dramatic Wang Chhu and Paro Chhu river valleys, before crossing through Paro Town towards the north end of the valley.
En route visit Simtokha Dzong, the oldest fortress of the country built in 1627 which now houses the School for Buddhist studies. On arrival in Paro, check into the hotel. Later in the evening, drive to Lango village to experience rural Bhutanese life. A visit to Farm House is very interesting and offers a good glimpse into the lifestyle of a farmer. Bhutanese farm houses are very colorful, decorative and traditionally built without the use of single nail. All houses follow the same architectural pattern. Overnight at the hotel in Paro. (Altitude 2,280m)
DAY 09 : 15th November 2018 : DEPART PARO BY FLIGHT
After breakfast, transfer to the airport for flight to onward destination. Our representative will assist you with exit formalities and bid you farewell.
BHUTAN BIRDING & CULTURAL TOUR-9 DAYS
DAY 01 : ARRIVE PARO (BHUTAN) BY FLIGHT
DAY 02: PARO
DAY 03: PARO – CHELELA PASS – THIMPHU (121KM, APPROX. 4 HOURS DRIVE)
DAY 04 : THIMPHU / GANGTEY (150KM, APPROX. 5 HOURS DRIVE)
DAY 05 : GANGTEY
DAY 06: GANGTEY / PUNAKHA (85KM, APPROX. 3 HOURS DRIVE)
DAY 07: PUNAKHA (TASHITANG VALLEY EXCURSION)
DAY 08 : PUNAKHA / PARO (125KM, APPROX. 4 HOURS DRIVE)
DAY 09 : DEPART PARO BY FLIGHT
COSTS: £2990.00 per person. Single room supplement: £300.00 per single.
Accommodation as per hotels. All meals during the tour. All transfers and sightseeing as per the itinerary. English speaking accompanying guide. Governmental royalty and taxes. Bhutan visa fee
Insurance of any kind / medical expenses. Beverages (alcoholic / non – alcoholic). Expenses of personal nature (like tipping, laundry, Telephone/fax calls, camera/video fees etc). Airfare, airport taxes
Wednesday 7th November 2018 - Thursday 15th November 2018
FLIGHT TIME FROM UK: 12 hours (via Delhi, Calcutta or Kathmandu) TIME ZONE: UTC +6
You will need to provide your own photographic equipment. Cameras and lens ranging from 100mm right the way through to 500mm will be ideal for this action packed photo tour. A tripod, beanbag are a must as the amazing wildlife and landscapes of this area will give you many beautiful opportunities. Protection from the elements for both your camera and lens is also a must on this trip.
The weather is generally clear, mild, excellent scenery, lower rainfall at this time of year. A great time for photography and valley hiking plus the opportunity for wonderful Himalayan vistas form the higher passes.
The deposit for this amazing 9 day photo tour will be £1000 per person with the remainder to be paid 60 days before departure.
Travelling in Bhutan
Journeys in Bhutan can be slow as the one main road running east to west weaves its way over the Himalayan foothills and routes are occasionally closed by landslides. Delays, however, are more than compensated for by the beautiful scenery and the provision of a private vehicle and guide allows you the opportunity to rest, take a walk or photograph as much as you choose.
Bhutan's official language is Dzongkha, but 18 other languages including Nepali are spoken. English is the medium of instruction in schools and is widely spoken.
Money and expense
Bhutan's currency is the Ngultrum (Nu), with 100 Chetrum = 1 Ngultrum. The Ngultrum is fixed to the value of India rupee. Carry a mixture of travellers cheques (American Express is most widely accepted) and cash in US dollars which can often be used for the purchase of souvenirs. There are bank branches in all major towns.
A few outlets in Thimpu accept payment by credit card, but with a surcharge added. Daily expenditure varies from person to person, but in general you should allow US$5-10 daily for laundry, drinks, phone calls overseas, small souvenirs, postcards and stamps.
Tipping in Bhutan is not compulsory. Hotels and restaurant bills include service charges of 20%; there is no need to add anything further onto these bills. The tipping of your guide, driver and trek crew is purely a personal matter. However, we would suggest a tip per day of 10 USD for your guide and 6 USD for your driver. If you are trekking in Bhutan then other trek staff (such as horsemen/cooks) should be tipped around 8 USD per day for a short trek, for treks over 5 nights we recommend 5 USD per day.
Obviously this is very much a rough guide and you are completely free to give whatever you feel is appropriate.
Food & Drink
The Bhutanese diet is mainly meat, dairy products, rice (red or white) and vegetables. "Emadatse" (chilli and cheese stew) is the national dish with many variations throughout the country. Beware: traditional Bhutanese food always features chillies! Meat dishes, mainly pork, beef and yak are lavishly dosed with red peppers, which are a common sight drying on rooftops.
Social occasions mean serving salted butter tea, or "suja". "Doma" or betel nut is offered as a customary gesture of greeting. The Bhutanese enjoy "Chang", a local beer, and "arra", country liquor, distilled from maize, rice, wheat or barley. Your meals will generally be in the form of a small buffet with a variety of dishes to choose from and simple picnics are often carried for long journeys. Bottled water is widely available.
Social Conventions & Etiquette
Whilst visiting Dzongs, monasteries, temples and festivals ensure you dress neatly and modestly (covered arms, no shorts, three quarter length trousers, short skirts or tight or skimpy clothing). Do not wear a hat in the precincts of Dzongs or religious complexes. If you see a prayer flagpole on the ground waiting to be erected, do not step over it, as this is considered extremely disrespectful: walk around it instead. Never stray onto the dance ground at festivals in search of the perfect spot - this is the height of bad manners and will definitely give offence to all Bhutanese who see you.
The giving of money to mendicants and holy men in the vicinity of markets and outside temples is an accepted practice. In exchange for your contribution of a small coin, a prayer will be intoned for you. Take your cue from the Bhutanese on such occasions and, when in doubt, ask your guide what would be the appropriate thing to do.